Works Cited

Works Cited

Abbott, Carl. The Great Extravaganza: Portland and the Lewis and Clark Exposition. Portland: OR Hist. Soc., 1981.

“Abigail Scott Duniway: Oregon’s Foremost Suffragette.” Table Rock Sentinel 5 (1985): 3-17.

Abrams, Paula. “The Majority Will: A Case Study of Misinformation, Manipulation, and the Oregon Initiative Process.” Oregon Law Review 87 (2008): 1025-58.

Adams, George W. “Bickerdyke, Mary Ann Ball.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 144-46.

Adams, James Truslow, ed.-in-chief. Dictionary of American History. 5 vols. New York: Scribner’s, 1940.

Adams, Roy William. “The Oregon Style.” MA thesis. U of Oregon, 1958.

Ahlstrom, Sydney E. “Eddy, Mary Baker.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 551-61.

Alsop, Gulielma Fell. “Bodley, Rachel Littler.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 186-87.

Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon, 1996.

Ancient Order of Hiberians. “Hiberianism in Portland.” Portland: n.p., October, 1914.

Andrews, J. Cutler. “Ames, Mary E. Clemmer.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 40-42.

Andrews, Mildred Tanner. Washington Women as Path Breakers. Dubuque: Kendall/Hunt, 1989.

Ashley, Perry J., ed. American Newspaper Journalists, 1690-1872. Detroit: Gale, 1985. Vol. 43 of Dictionary of Literary Biography. 366 vols. to date. 1978- .

—, ed. American Newspaper Journalists, 1873-1900. Detroit: Gale, 1983. Vol. 23 of Dictionary of Literary Biography. 366 vols. to date. 1978- .

Baird, Julian T., Jr. “Wilcox, Ella Wheeler.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 607-09.

Baldwin, David. “Field, Kate.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 612-14.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Oregon: Vol. 1, 1834-1848. San Francisco: History, 1886. Vol. 29 of The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 vols. 1882-90.

—. History of Washington, Idaho, and Montana, 1845-1889. San Francisco: History, 1890. Vol. 31 of The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 vols. 1882-90.

Bandow, Gayle R. “`In Pursuit of a Purpose’: Abigail Scott Duniway and the New Northwest.” MA thesis. U of Oregon, 1973.

Barry, Kathleen L. “Susan B. Anthony.” Campbell, Women Public 14-25.

Baym, Nina. Woman’s Fiction: A Guide to Novels by and about Women, 1820-1870. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1978.

Beal, Merrill D., and Merle W. Wells. History of Idaho. 2 vols. New York: Lewis Hist., 1959.

Beard, Geraldine, ed. A Check List of Washington Imprints, 1853-1876. Seattle: Washington Hist. Records Survey, 1942.

Beeton, Beverly. Women Vote in the West: The Woman Suffrage Movement, 1869-1896. New York: Garland, 1986.

Bennion, Sherilyn Cox. Equal to the Occasion: Women Editors of the Nineteenth-Century West. Reno: U of Nevada P, 1990.

—. “The New Northwest and Woman’s Exponent: Early Voices for Suffrage.” Journalism Quarterly 54 (1977): 286-92.

—. “The Pioneer.” Endres and Lueck, Social 280-84.

—. “Woman’s Exponent.” Endres and Lueck, Social 463-68.

Bingham, Edward R. “Owens-Adair, Bethenia Angelina.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 68-69.

Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-1989. Bicentennial ed. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1989.

Birdsell, David S. “Carrie Lane Chapman Catt.” Campbell, Women Public 321-38.

Black, Edwin. “The Second Persona.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 56 (1970): 109-19.

Blackford, Mansel G., and K. Austin Kerr. Business Enterprise in American History. 3rd ed. Boston: Houghton, 1994.

Blair, Karen J. The Clubwoman as Feminist: True Womanhood Redefined, 1868-1914. New York: Holmes, 1980.

—. Northwest Women: An Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Oregon and Washington Women, 1787-1970. Pullman: Washington State UP, 1997.

—, ed. Women in Pacific Northwest History: An Anthology. Seattle: U of Washington P, 1988.

Blocker, Jack S., Jr. “Separate Paths: Suffragists and the Women’s Temperance Crusade.” Signs 10 (1985): 460-76.

Blodgett, Geoffrey. “Blackwell, Alice Stone.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 156-58.

Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873-1900. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 1981.

Boufford, Marjorie Johnson. “A History of Nursing in Oregon.”  MA thesis. Oregon State Coll., 1951.

Bowden, Angie Burt. Early Schools of Washington Territory. Seattle: Lowman, 1935.

Bowerman, Sarah G. “Brown, Charlotte Emerson.” Dictionary 3: 110-11.

Boyer, Paul S. “Blavatsky, Helena Petrovna Hahn.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 174-77.

—. “Carroll, Anna Ella.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 289-92.

—. “Clay, Laura.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 346-48.

—. “Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 110-14.

—. “Henrotin, Ellen Martin.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 181-83.

—. “Howe, Julia Ward.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 225-29.

Brandt, Patricia, and Nancy Guilford, eds. Oregon Biography Index. Bibliographic Ser. 11. Corvallis: Oregon State UP, 1976.

Brown, Ira V. “Grew, Mary.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 91-92.

Bullard, F. Lauriston. “O’Reilly, John Boyle.” Dictionary 14: 53-54.

Burke, Kenneth. A Grammar of Motives. 1945. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969.

—. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1968.

—. Permanence and Change: An Anatomy of Purpose. 3rd ed. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984.

Burt, Elizabeth V., ed. Women’s Press Organizations, 1881-1999. Westport: Greenwood, 2000.

Butterfield, L. H. “Adams, Abigail Smith.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 6-9.

Byrne, Frank L. “Foster, Judith Ellen Horton.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 651-52.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs. “Anna E. Dickinson.” Campbell, Women Public 156-67.

—. “Elizabeth Cady Stanton.” Campbell, Women Public 76-88.

—. “Femininity and Feminism: To Be or Not to Be a Woman.” Communication Quarterly 31 (1983): 101-08.

—. Man Cannot Speak for Her. 2 vols. Westport: Praeger, 1989.

—, ed. Women Public Speakers in the United States, 1800-1925: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook. Westport: Greenwood, 1993.

Cantor, Milton. “Lozier, Clemence Sophia Harned.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 440-42.

Capell, Letitia Lee. “A Biography of Abigail Scott Duniway.” M.A. thesis, University of Oregon, 1934.

Carey, Charles Henry. A General History of Oregon. 2 vols. Portland: Metropolitan, 1935.

—. History of Oregon. 3 vols. Chicago: Pioneer Hist., 1922.

Caswell, John E. “The Prohibition Movement in Oregon: I. 1836-1904.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 39 (1938): 235-61.

—. “The Prohibition Movement in Oregon: II. 1904-1915.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 40 (1939): 64-82.

Caughey, John Walton. California. 2nd ed. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1953.

Cherrington, Ernest H. The Evolution of Prohibition in the United States of America. Westerville: American Issue, 1920.

Chittenden, Elizabeth F. “By No Means Excluding Women.” American West 12.2 (1975): 24-27.

—. “‘By No Means Excluding Women’: Abigail Scott Duniway, Western Pioneer in the Struggle for Equal Voting Rights.” The Northwest Mosaic: Minority Conflicts in Pacific Northwest History. Ed. James A. Halseth and  Bruce A. Glasrud. Boulder: Pruett, 1977. 191-98.

Clark, Robert Carlton. “Duniway, Abigail Jane Scott.” Dictionary 5: 513-14.

—. History of the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Vol.  1. Chicago: Clarke, 1927.

Clayton, John, comp. The Illinois Factbook and Historical Almanac, 1673-1968. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1970.

Cleaver, J. D. “L. Samuel and the West Shore: Images of a Changing Pacific Northwest.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 94 (1993): 167-224.

Cogan, Frances B. All-American Girl: The Ideal of Real Womanhood in Nineteenth-Century America. Athens: U of Georgia P, 1989.

Corning, Howard McKinley, ed. Dictionary of Oregon History. Portland: Binfords, 1956.

Cornish, Louis H., comp. A National Register of the Society, Sons of the American Revolution. Ed. A. Howard Clark. New York: Kellogg, 1902.

Corwin, Edward S. “Field, Stephen Johnson.” Dictionary 6: 372-76.

Coulter, Thomas Chalmer. “A History of Woman Suffrage in Nebraska, 1856-1920.” Diss. Ohio State U, 1967.

Crawford, Helen, comp. and ed. Oregon Woman’s Christian Temperance Union: Ninety Years. [Portland]: The Union, [1973?].

Croly, Jane Cunningham. The History of the Woman’s Club Movement in America. New York: Allen, 1898.

Cronin, Mary M. “Godey’s Lady’s Book.” Endres and Lueck, Consumer 113-17.

Cross, Barbara M. “Stowe, Harriet Beecher.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 393-402.

Cullen-DuPont, Kathryn, ed. American Women Activists’ Writings: An Anthology, 1637-2002. New York: Cooper Square, 2002.

Curti, Merle. “Barton, Clara.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 103-08.

De Pillis, Mario S. “Wells, Emmeline Blanche Woodward.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 561-63.

Degler, Carl N. “Gilman, Charlotte Anna Perkins Stetson.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 39-42.

Dicken, Samuel N., and Emily F. Dicken. The Making of Oregon: A Study in Historical Geography. Portland: OR Hist. Soc., 1979. Vol. 1 of Two Centuries of Oregon Geography. 2 vols. 1979-82.

Dictionary of American Biography. 22 vols. Ed. Allen Johnson (Vols. 1-3); Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone (Vols. 4-7); Dumas Malone (Vols. 8-20); Harris E. Starr (Vol. 21); Robert Livingston Schuyler and Edward T. James (Vol. 22). New York: Scribner’s, 1928-58.

Dillon, Mary Earhart. “Willard, Frances Elizabeth Caroline.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 613-18.

Dobbs, Caroline C. Men of Champoeg: A Record of the Lives of the Pioneers Who Founded the Oregon Government. Portland: Metropolitan, 1932.

Dodds, Gordon B. Oregon: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1977.

Douthit, Mary Osborn, ed. The Souvenir of Western Women. Portland: Anderson, 1905.

Dow, Bonnie J. “Frances E. Willard.” Campbell, Women Public 476-89.

—. “The Revolution, 1868-1870: Expanding the Woman Suffrage Agenda.” Solomon 71-86.

Downs, Winfield Scott, ed. Encyclopedia of Northwest Biography. New York: American Hist., 1943.

Dresser, Horatio W. A History of the New Thought Movement. New York: Crowell, 1919.

“Duniway, Abigail Scott.” Who was Who in America with World Notables. Vol. 4. Chicago: Marquis-Who’s Who, 1968. 270.

“Duniway, Abigail Scott.” Woman’s Who’s Who of America, 1914-1915. Ed. John William Leonard. New York: American Commonwealth, 1914. 262.

“Duniway, Mrs. Abigail Scott.” Willard and Livermore 1: 263-64.

Duniway, Abigail Scott. “Abigail Scott Duniway Diary.” 1852. Abigail Scott Duniway Papers, Coll. 232B, Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries, Eugene, OR.

—. Captain Gray’s Company; Or, Crossing the Plains and Living in Oregon. Portland: McCormick, 1859.

—. David and Anna Matson. New York: Wells, 1876.

—. “A Few Recollections of a Busy Life.” Douthit 9-12.

—. From the West to the West: Across the Plains to Oregon. Chicago: McClurg, 1905.

—. “How I Became a Literary Woman.” The Western Lady. Portland: n.p., 1904. 3.

—. “Men’s Maternal Concerns.” The Revolution in Words: Righting Women, 1868-1871. Ed. Lana Rakow and Cheris Kramarae. New York: Routledge, 1990. 196-97.

—. “Mrs. Duniway’s Reminiscences: How I Became a Suffragist.” Woman’s Journal [Boston] 31 Dec. 1898.

—. My Musings; or, A Few Fancies in Verse. Portland: Walling, 1875.

—. “Odors not of Araby.” So Much to Be Done: Women Settlers on the Mining and Ranching Frontier. Ed. Ruth B. Moynihan, Susan Armitage, and Christiane Fischer Dichamp. 2nd ed. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1998. 118-25.

—. Oregon: Land of Promise. Portland: Wells, 1876. Portland: Rhodes, 1907.

—. Path Breaking: An Autobiographical History of the Equal Suffrage Movement in Pacific Coast States. 2nd ed. Portland: James, 1914. New York: Schocken, 1971.

—. “Personal Reminiscences of a Pioneer.” Portland: Its History and Builders. Ed. Joseph Gaston. Vol. 3. Portland: Clarke, 1911. 52-60.

—. “The Stage-Driver’s Story.” Phrenological Journal and Life Illustrated 69 (Aug. 1879): 85-90.

—. “Susan B. Anthony’s Visit to Oregon.” Douthit 36-37.

Duniway, David Cushing. “Abigail Scott Duniway, Path Breaker.” With Her Own Wings: Historical Sketches, Reminiscences, and Anecdotes of Pioneer Women. Ed. Helen Krebs Smith. Comp. Portland Federation of Women’s Organizations. Portland: Beattie, 1948. 202-05.

—. Letter to the author. 30 Aug. 1992.

Drury, Clifford Merrill. Elkanah and Mary Walker: Pioneers Among the Spokanes. Caldwell: Caxton, 1940.

—. First White Women Over the Rockies: Diaries, Letters, and Biographical Sketches of the Six Women of the Oregon Mission Who Made the Overland Journey in 1836 and 1838. 3 vols. Glendale: Clarke, 1963-66.

—. Henry Harmon Spalding. Caldwell: Caxton, 1936.

—. Marcus Whitman, M.D., Pioneer, and Martyr. Caldwell: Caxton, 1937.

—. “Spalding, Eliza Hart.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 330-31.

Eagle, Mary Kavanaugh Oldham, ed. The Congress of Women: World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago, U.S.A., 1893. Chicago: Kuhlman, 1894.

Edgett, Edwin Francis. I Speak for Myself: An Editor in His World. New York: Macmillan, 1940.

Edwards, G. Thomas. “Dr. Ada M. Weed: Northwest Reformer.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 78 (1977): 10-23.

—. Sowing Good Seeds: The Northwest Suffrage Campaigns of Susan B. Anthony. Portland: OR Hist. Soc., 1990.

Eells, Ida Myra. “Mother Eells: A Story of the Life of Myra Fairbank Eells,” Wenatchee, WA, 1947. Ts., OR Hist. Soc.

Endres, Kathleen L. “The Forerunner.” Endres and Lueck, Social 98-108.

—. “Ladies’ Home Journal.” Endres and Lueck, Consumer 172-80.

—. “The National Citizen and Ballot Box.” Endres and Lueck, Social 214-19.

—. “Pittsburgh Saturday Visiter.” Endres and Lueck, Social 284-90.

—. “The Woman’s Tribune.” Endres and Lueck, Social 478-85.

Endres, Kathleen L., and Therese L. Lueck, eds. Women’s Periodicals in the United States: Consumer Magazines. Westport: Greenwood, 1995.

—. Women’s Periodicals in the United States: Social and Political Issues. Westport: Greenwood, 1996.

Fetterley, Judith. Provisions: A Reader from Nineteenth-Century American Women. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1985.

Field, Sarah Bard. “Sarah Bard Field. Poet and Suffragist.” Interview with Amelia R. Fry. Suffragists Oral History Project, Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library. Berkeley: U of California, 1959-63.

Filler, Louis. “Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 137-39.

—. “Lockwood, Belva Ann Bennett McNall.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 413-16.

—. “Stone, Lucy.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 387-91.

First Annual Report of the President, Mrs. J. C. Card, to Woman’s Club of Portland, Oregon. Portland: Rogers, 1897.

Flexner, Eleanor. “Blatch, Harriot Eaton Stanton.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 172-74.

—. “Catt, Carrie Clinton Lane Chapman.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 309-13.

—. Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States. Rev. ed. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1975.

—. “Shaw, Anna Howard.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 274-77.

Foner, Philip S. First Facts of American Labor: A Comprehensive Collection of Labor Firsts in the United States Arranged by Subject. New York: Holmes, 1984.

—. History of the Labor Movement in the United States. 7 vols. New York: International, 1947-87.

Fortieth Anniversary of the Statehood of Oregon: Exercises Before the Legislative Assembly at Salem, Oregon, February 14, 1899. Salem: Leeds, 1899.

Friedman, Ralph. “Battle Hymn of Abigail.” Tracking Down Oregon. Caldwell: Claxton, 1978. 95-103.

Fuller, Paul E. Laura Clay and the Woman’s Rights Movement. Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1975.

Gallman, J. Matthew. America’s Joan of Arc: The Life of Anna Elizabeth Dickinson. New York: Oxford UP, 2006.

Garces, Eileen. “Esther Roelofson & Abigail Scott Duniway.” Rootsweb, n.d. Web. 4 Feb. 2015.

Gaston, Joseph. The Centennial History of Oregon, 1811-1912. 4 vols. Chicago: Clarke, 1912.

—. Portland, Oregon: Its History and Builders. 3 vols. Portland: Clarke, 1911.

Giele, Janet Z. “Leavitt, Mary Greenleaf Clement.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 383-85.

Gilb, Corinne L. “Foltz, Clara Shortridge.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 641-43.

—. “Gordon, Laura de Force.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 68-69.

Gilbert, Frank T. Historic Sketches of Walla Walla, Whitman, Columbia and Garfield Counties, Washington Territory, Umatilla County, Oregon. Portland: Walling, 1882.

Gilder, Joseph Benson, and Jeannette Leonard Gilder. Triblyana: The Rise and Progress of a Popular Novel. New York: Critic, 1895.

Gottlieb, Agnes Hooper. “Demorest’s Monthly Magazine.” Endres and Lueck, Consumer 67-74.

—. “GFWC Clubwoman.” Endres and Lueck, Social 131-37.

—. “The Revolution.” Endres and Lueck, Social 339-45.

Graham, Sara Hunter. Woman Suffrage and the New Democracy. New Haven: Yale UP, 1996.

Graves, Lawrence L. “Brown, Olympia.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 256-58.

Gray, William Henry. A History of Oregon, 1792-1849. Portland: Harris, 1870. New York: Arno, 1973.

Green, Norma Kidd. “Colby, Clara Dorothy Bewick.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 355-57.

Greene, Julie. Pure and Simple Politics: The American Federation of Labor and Political Activism, 1881-1917. New York: Cambridge UP 1998.

Gribbin, August. “Harper’s Bazaar.” Endres and Lueck, Consumer 137-43.

Grimes, Alan P. The Puritan Ethic and Woman Suffrage. New York: Oxford UP, 1967. Westport: Greenwood, 1980.

Gusfield, Joseph R. Symbolic Crusade: Status Politics and the American Temperance Movement. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1963.

Haarsager, Sandra. Organized Womanhood: Cultural Politics in the Pacific Northwest, 1840- 1920. Norman: U of Oklahoma P, 1997.

Hardwick, Elizabeth. Rediscovered Fiction by American Women. New York: Arno, 1978.

Harley, Rachel Brett, and Betty MacDowell. Michigan Women: Firsts and Founders. 2 vols. Lansing: MI Women’s Studies Assn., 1992-95.

Harper, Ida Husted. The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony. 3 vols. Indianapolis: Hollenbeck, 1898-1908.

Herold, J. Christopher. Mistress to an Age: A Life of Madame de Staël. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1958.

Hesse, Margaret Putnam. Scholls Ferry Tales. Scholls: Groner Women’s Club, 1976.

Hinck, Edward A. “The Lily, 1849-1856: From Temperance to Woman’s Rights.” Solomon 30-47.

Hines, H. K. An Illustrated History of the State of Oregon. Chicago: Lewis, 1893.

History of the Bench and Bar of Oregon. Portland: Historical, 1910.

History of the Pacific Northwest: Oregon and Washington. 2 vols. Portland: North Pacific Hist., 1889.

History of Tazewell County Illinois; Together with Sketches of Its Cities, Villages and Townships; Educational, Religious, Civil, Military, and Political History; Portraits of Prominent Persons and Biographies of Representative Citizens. Chicago: Chapman, 1879.

History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 1: 1848-1861. Ed. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. New York: Fowler, 1881. Vol. 2: 1861-1876. Ed. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. Rochester: Mann, 1881. Vol. 3: 1876-1885. Ed. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. Rochester: Mann, 1886. Vol. 4: 1883-1900. Ed. Susan B. Anthony and Ida Husted Harper. Indianapolis: Hollenbeck, 1902. Vol. 5: 1900-1920. Ed. Ida Husted Harper. New York: Little, 1922. Vol. 6: 1900-1920. Ed. Ida Husted Harper. New York: Little, 1922.

Hodgkin, Frank E., and J. J. Galvin. Pen Pictures of Representative Men of Oregon. Portland: Farmer and Dairyman, 1882.

Holbrook, Stewart H. Dreamers of the American Dream. Garden City: Doubleday, 1957.

Holmes, H. E. Pioneer Links: A Narrative of the Establishment of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows on the Pacific Coast and a History of Odd Fellowship in Washington to 1880. Seattle: WA Odd Fellow, 1913.

Holmes, Kenneth L., ed. and comp. Covered Wagon Women: Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1862-1865. Vol. 8. of Covered Wagon Women: Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1840-1890. Spokane: Clark, 1989. 11 vols.

Holmes, Kenneth L., and David Duniway, ed. and comp. Covered Wagon Women: Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1852, The Oregon Trail. Vol. 5 of Covered Wagon Women: Diaries & Letters from the Western Trails, 1840-1890. Glendale: Clark, 1986. 11 vols.

Honeyman, A. Van Doren. “Newell, William Augustus.” Dictionary 13: 459-60.

Hopkins, Joseph G. E., ed. “Duniway, Abigail Jane Scott.” Concise Dictionary of American Biography. 2nd ed. New York: Scribner’s, 1977. 261-62.

Horner, John B. Oregon Literature. 2nd ed. Portland: Gill, 1902.

Horner, Patricia Voeller. “May Arkwright Hutton: Suffragist and Politician.” Blair, Women in Pacific Northwest 25-42.

Howe, Julia Ward, ed. Sketches of Representative Women of New England. Comp. by Mary Elvira Elliot et al. Boston: New England Historical, 1904.

Hoxie, Elizabeth F. “Whiting, Lilian.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 592-93.

Huxman, Susan Schultz. “Julia Ward Howe.” Campbell, Women Public 434-47.

—. “The Woman’s Journal, 1870-1890: The Torchbearer for Suffrage.” Solomon 87-109.

An Illustrated History of Central Oregon. Spokane: Western Hist., 1905.

Ireland, Norma Olin. Index to Women of the World From Ancient to Modern Times: Biographies and Portraits. Westwood: Faxon, 1970.

—. Index to Women of the World From Ancient to Modern Times: A Supplement. Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1988.

Irwin, Inez Haynes. Angels and Amazons: A Hundred Years of American Women. Garden City: Doubleday, 1933.

Isaacs, Ernest. “Wells, Charlotte Fowler.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 560-61.

Jacklin, Kathleen. “Cooper, Sarah Brown Ingersoll.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 380-82.

James, Edward T., Janet Wilson James, and Paul S. Boyer, eds. Notable American Women, 1607-1950: A Biographical Dictionary. 3 vols. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1971.

Jasinski, James. Sourcebook on Rhetoric: Key Concepts in Contemporary Rhetorical Studies. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 2001.

Jerry, E. Claire. “Clara Bewick Colby.” Campbell, Women Public 49-62.

—. “Clara Bewick Colby and the Woman’s Tribune, 1883-1909: The Free Lance Editor as Movement Leader.” Solomon 110-28.

Johnson, Albert E. “Logan, Olive.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 422-24.

Johnson, E. D. H. “Richards, Laura Elizabeth Howe.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 146-48.

Johnson, Jalmar. “Abigail Scott Duniway–Liberator of Women.” Builders of the Northwest. New York: Dodd, 1963. 151-69.

Johnson, L. C. “Duniway, Abigail Jane Scott.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 531-33.

Johnson, Matt. Letter to the author. 23 June 2003.

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Being the Second Session of the Forty-Sixth Congress, Begun and Held at the City of Washington, December 1, 1879, in the One Hundred and Fourth Year of the Independence of the United States. Washington: GPO, 1880.

Journal of the Senate of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Oregon for the Eleventh Regular Session, 1880. Salem: Odell, 1880.

Joy, James R. “Haven, Gilbert.” Dictionary 8: 407-08.

Karolevitz, Robert F. Newspapering in the Old West: A Pictorial History of Journalism and Printing on the Frontier. Seattle: Superior, 1965.

Kelley, Mary. Private Woman, Public Stage: Literary Domesticity in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford UP, 1984.

Kessler, Lauren. “Duniway, Abigail Scott.” Encyclopedia of the American West. Ed. Charles Phillips and Alan Axelrod. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan, 1996. 468-69. 4 vols.

—. “The Fight for Woman Suffrage and the Oregon Press.” Blair, Women in Pacific Northwest 43-58.

—. “The Ideas of Women Suffragists and the Portland Oregonian.” Journalism Quarterly 57 (1980): 597-605.

—. “A Siege of the Citadels: Access of Woman Suffrage Ideas to the Oregon Press, 1884-1912.” Diss. U of Washington, 1980.

—. “A Siege of the Citadels: Search for a Public Forum for the Ideas of Oregon Woman Suffrage.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 84 (1983): 117-49.

Kindilien, Carlin T. “Sangster, Margaret Elizabeth Munson.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 234-35.

Kingston, Robert. Letter to the author. 20 June 2003.

Kraditor, Aileen S. The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1890-1920. 1965. Garden City: Anchor, 1971.

Krichmar, Albert. The Women’s Rights Movement in the United States, 1848-1970: A Bibliography and Sourcebook. Metuchen: Scarecrow, 1972.

Lake, Randall A. “Abigail Scott Duniway.” Campbell, Women Public 393-408.

—. “Between Myth and History: Enacting Time in Native American Protest Rhetoric.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 77 (1991): 123-51.

Lang, H. O., ed. History of the Willamette Valley. Portland: Himes, 1885.

Langworthy, Margaret Wyman. “Dodge, Mary Abigail.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 493-95.

Larsell, Olof. The Doctor in Oregon: A Medical History. Portland: Binfords, 1947.

Larson, T. A. “Emancipating the West’s Dolls, Vassals, and Hopeless Drudges: The Origins of Woman Suffrage in the West.” Essays in Western History in Honor of T. A. Larson. Ed. Roger Daniels.  U of Wyoming Publications, vol. 37, no. 1. Laramie: U of Wyoming, 1971. 1-16.

—. “Dolls, Vassals, and Drudges: Pioneer Women in the West,” Western Historical Quarterly 3 (1972): 1-16.

—. “Idaho’s Role in America’s Woman Suffrage Crusade.” Idaho Yesterdays 18 (1974): 2-15.

—. “Woman Suffrage.” The Reader’s Encyclopedia of the American West. Ed. Howard R. Lamar. New York: Harper, 1977. 1282-85.

—. “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Washington.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 67 (1976): 49-62.

—. “Woman’s Rights in Idaho.” Idaho Yesterdays 16 (1972): 2-19.

Lasch, Christopher. “Belmont, Alva Erskine Smith Vanderbilt.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 126-28.

Lashley, Warren L. “Belva Bennett McNall Lockwood.” Campbell, Women Public 39-48.

Latourette, Kenneth Scott. Reformation to the Present. Vol. 2 of A History of Christianity. Rev. ed. New York: Harper, 1975. 2 vols.

Leasher, Evelyn. Oregon Women: A Bio-Bibliography. Bibliog. Ser. 18. Corvallis: Oregon State UP, 1980.

Leonard, John William, ed. Woman’s Who’s Who of America: A Biographical Dictionary of Contemporary Women of the United States and Canada, 1914-1915. New York: American Commonwealth, 1914.

Levenson, J. C. “Elliott, Maud Howe.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 574-76.

Lewis, Elsie M. “Cary, Mary Ann Shadd.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 300-01.

Lewis, Thomas N. “Union Signal.” Endres and Lueck, Social 394-403.

Lewis, Tiffany. “Winning Woman Suffrage in the Masculine West: Abigail Scott Duniway’s Frontier Myth.” Western Journal of Communication 75 (2011): 127-47.

Lewis, W. David. “Bloomer, Amelia Jenks.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 179-81.

Linkugel, Wilmer. “Anna Howard Shaw.” Campbell, Women Public 409-20.

Lockley, Fred. History of the Columbia River Valley From The Dalles to the Sea. 3 vols. Chicago: Clarke, 1928.

Logan, Mary Simmerson. The Part Taken by Women in American History. Wilmington: Perry-Nalle, 1912.

Lord, Myra Belle Horne. History of the New England Woman’s Press Association, 1885-1931. Newton: Graphic, 1932.

Lubove, Roy. “Jacobi, Mary Corinna Putnam.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 263-65.

Lumsden, Linda J. Rampant Women: Suffragists and the Right of Assembly. Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1997.

Lunardini, Christine A. From Equal Suffrage to Equal Rights: Alice Paul and the National Woman’s Party, 1910-1928. New York: New York UP, 1986.

Lundell, Gary. Letter to the author. 28 Jan. 1999.

Lutz, Alma. “Anthony, Susan Brownell.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 51-57.

—. “Stanton, Elizabeth Cady.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 342-47.

Magill, Frank M. Great Lives From History: American Women Series. 5 vols. Pasadena: Salem, 1995.

Mansfield, Dorothy M. “Abigail S. Duniway: Suffragette with Not-so-common Sense.” Western Speech 35 (1971): 24-29.

Mansfield, M. F. Stevensoniana; Being a Reprint of Various Literary and Pictorial Miscellany Associated with Robert Louis Stevenson the Man and His Work. New York: Bankside, 1900.

Marzolf, Marion. Up From the Footnote: A History of Women Journalists. New York: Hastings, 1977.

Maw, Blanche Blynn, comp. A History of the Michigan State Federation of Women’s Clubs, 1895-1953. Ed. Edith V. Alvord and Esther R. Hunter. Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor, 1953.

McArthur, Lewis A. Oregon Geographic Names. 4th ed. Portland: OR Hist. Soc., 1974.

McKern, Roberta O. “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Oregon and the Oregon Press.” MA thesis. U of Oregon, 1975.

McNeal, William H. History of Wasco County, Oregon. The Dalles: 1953. Mimeograph, OR Hist. Soc.

Meany, Edmond S., and John T. Condon. “Washington’s First Constitution, 1878, and Proceedings of the Convention.” Washington Historical Quarterly 9 (1918): 129-152.

Messbarger, Paul R. “Nation, Carry Amelia Moore.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 609-11.

Meyer, Annie Nathan. Woman’s Work in America. New York: Holt, 1891.

Miller, Emma Gene. Clatsop County, Oregon: A History. Portland: Binfords, 1958.

Miller, Joaquin. The Complete Poetical Works of Joaquin Miller. Rev. ed. San Francisco: Whitaker, 1904.

Mitchell, Charlotte. “John Cogswell.” Lane County Historian 6.2 (1961): 27-31.

Montague, Martha Frances. “The Woman Suffrage Movement in Oregon.” MA thesis. U of Oregon, 1930.

Montgomery, James W. Liberated Woman: A Life of May Arkwright Hutton. Spokane: Gingko, 1974. Fairfield: Galleon, 1985.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Oxford History of the American People. Vol. 3. New York: New American Library, 1972. 3 vols.

Morrison, Dorothy Nafus. Ladies Were Not Expected: Abigail Scott Duniway and Women’s Rights. New York: Atheneum, 1977. Portland: Western Imprints-OR Hist. Soc., 1985.

Mott, Frank Luther. A History of American Magazines. 5 vols. Cambridge: Belknap-Harvard UP, 1957-68.

Moynihan, Ruth Barnes. “Abigail Scott Duniway: Mother of Woman Suffrage in the Pacific Northwest.” By Grit & Grace: Eleven Women Who Shaped the American West. Ed. Glenda Riley and Richard W. Etulain. Golden: Fulcrum, 1997. 174-97.

—. “Abigail Scott Duniway of Oregon: Woman and Suffragist of the American Frontier.” 2 vols. Diss. Yale U, 1979.

—. “Let Women Vote: Abigail Scott Duniway in Washington Territory.” Washington Comes of Age: The State in the National Experience. Ed. David H. Stratton. Pullman: Washington State UP, 1992. 95-112.

—. “Of Women’s Rights and Freedom: Abigail Scott Duniway.” Blair, Women in Pacific Northwest 9-24.

—. Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway. New Haven: Yale UP, 1983.

“Mrs. Abigail Scott Duniway.” The Phrenological Journal and Life Illustrated, 63 (1876): 445-48.

Mulford, Karen Surina. Trailblazers: Twenty Amazing Western Women. Flagstaff: Northland, 2001.

Munro-Fraser, J. P. History of Santa Clara County, California. San Francisco: Alley, 1881.

Murphy, John M. “Laura Clay.” Campbell, Women Public 99-110.

Myres, Sandra L. “Suffering for Suffrage: Western Women and the Struggle for Political, Legal, and Economic Rights.” Westering Women and the Frontier Experience, 1800- 1915. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1982. 213-40.

“N. H. Owings.” Barton’s Legislative Hand-book and Manual of the State of Washington; containing historical, political, commercial, agricultural and other data; together with interesting statistics from the organization of the Territory to the close of the first Legislature of the State. Comp. C. M. Barton. Washington Centennial Commission, 1989/1889. 214-15.

Nash, Lee. “Abigail versus Harvey: Sibling Rivalry in the Oregon Campaign for Woman Suffrage.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 98 (1997): 134-63.

National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. Minutes of the National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, at the Tenth Annual Meeting, in Detroit, Michigan, 31 October-3 November, 1883. Cleveland: Home, 1883.

—. Minutes of the Third Convention of the National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, Held in Newark, New Jersey, 25-28 October 1876. Chicago: Woman’s Temperance, 1889.

Nevins, Allan. “Greeley, Horace.” Dictionary 7: 528-34.

Noun, Louise R. Strong-Minded Women: The Emergence of the Woman-Suffrage Movement in Iowa. Ames: Iowa State UP, 1969.

Olson, Lester C., and Trudy Bayer. “Lucretia Coffin Mott.” Campbell, Women Public 125-142.

Oregon Lung Association. Notable Women in the History of Oregon. 1982.

Oregon Native Son. Vols. 1-2. Portland: Native Son, 1899-1901.

Oregon Regional Union List of Serials. 4 vols. Portland: Portland State U, 1976.

Papashvily, Helen Waite. All the Happy Endings: A Study of the Domestic Novel in America, the Women Who Wrote It, the Women Who Read It, in the Nineteenth Century. 1965. Port Washington: Kennikat, 1972.

Parton, James, et al., eds. Eminent Women of the Age. Hartford: Betts, 1869. New York: Arno, 1974.

Peterson, Emil R., and Alfred Powers. A Century of Coos and Curry: History of Southwest Oregon. Coquille: Coos-Curry Pioneer and Hist. Assn., 1977.

Peterson, F. Ross. Idaho: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.

Peterson, Tarla Rai. “The Woman’s Exponent, 1872-1914: Champion for ‘The Rights of the Women of Zion, and the Rights of the Women of All Nations.” Solomon 165-82.

Phillips, Clifton J. “Harper, Ida A. Husted.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 139-40.

—. “Sewall, May Eliza Wright.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 269-71.

Pinkney, Helen R. “Minor, Virginia Louisa.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 550-51.

“Pioneers from New England.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 83 (1982): 37-52.

Pomeroy, Earl. “Bourne, Jonathan.” Dictionary 22: 54-55.

Portrait and Biographical Record of Portland and Vicinity, Oregon. Chicago: Chapman, 1903.

Portrait and Biographical Record of Western Oregon. Chicago: Chapman, 1904.

Portrait and Biographical Record of the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Chicago: Chapman, 1903.

Powers, Alfred. History of Oregon Literature. Portland: Metropolitan, 1935.

Preble, Edward. “Hutchinson, Woods.” Dictionary 9: 443.

Purcell, Richard J. “Roche, James Jeffrey.” Dictionary 16: 63.

Randolph, Anson Davies Fitz. The Changed Cross, and Other Religious Poems. New York: Randolph, 1865.

Realf, Richard. Poems by Richard Realf: Poet . . . Soldier . . . Workman . . . New York: Funk, 1898.

Republican League Register, A Record of the Republican Party in the State of Oregon. Portland: Register, 1896.

Richards, Cindy Koenig. “Inventing Sacagawea: Public Women and the Transformative Potential of Epideictic Rhetoric.” Western Journal of Communication 73 (2009): 1-22.

Richey, Elinor. “The Unsinkable Abigail: Woman Suffrage Comes to Oregon.” American Heritage 26.2 (1975): 72-89.

—. “Abigail Scott Duniway: Up from Hard Scrabble.” Eminent Women of the West. Berkeley: Howell-North, 1975. 73-96.

Ridgeley, James L. History of American Odd Fellowship: The First Decade. Baltimore: Grand Lodge of US IOOF, 1878.

Riegel, Robert E. “Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 410-13.

Rinehart, Clifford E. “Decker, Sarah Sophia Chase Platt.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 451-52.

Roberts, Leslie McKay. “Suffragist of the New West: Abigail Scott Duniway and the Development of the Oregon Woman Suffrage Movement.” BA thesis. Reed Coll., 1969.

Roberts, Mary M. “Clara Barton.” Campbell, Women Public 26-38.

Ross, Ishbel. “Jordan, Elizabeth Garver.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 293-94.

—. Ladies of the Press: The Story of Women in Journalism by an Insider. New York: Harper, 1936.

—. “Palmer, Bertha Honoré.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 8-10.

Ross, Nancy Wilson. “The Prophet.” Westward the Women. New York: Random, 1944. 137-54.

Satter, Beryl. Each Mind a Kingdom: American Women, Sexual Purity, and the New Thought Movement, 1875-1920. Berkeley: U of California P, 1999.

Schlesinger, Elizabeth Bancroft. “Croly, Jane Cunningham.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 409-11.

—. “Parton, Sara Payson Willis.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 24-25.

Schuman, David. “The Origin of State Constitutional Direct Democracy: William Simon U’Ren and ‘The Oregon System’.” Temple Law Review 67 (1994): 947-63.

Schwantes, Carlos Arnaldo. The Pacific Northwest: An Interpretive History. Rev. and enlarged ed. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1996.

Scott, Harvey W. History of the Oregon Country. Comp. Leslie M. Scott. 6 vols. Cambridge: Riverside, 1924.

—. History of Portland, Oregon. Syracuse: Mason, 1890.

Seasholes, Nancy S. Gaining Ground: A History of Landmaking in Boston. Cambridge: MIT, 2003.

Sewall, May Wright, ed. The World’s Congress of Representative Women. Chicago: Rand, 1894.

Shein, Debra. Abigail Scott Duniway. Western Writers Ser. 151. Ed. Tara Penry. Boise: Boise State U, 2002.

—. “Not Just the Vote: Abigail Scott Duniway’s Serialized Novels and the Struggle for Women’s Rights.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 101 (2000): 302-27.

Sheldon, Henry C. Theosophy and New Thought. New York: Abingdon, 1916.

Sher, Lynn, and Jurate Kazickas. The American Woman’s Gazetteer. New York: Bantam, 1976.

Shirley, Gayle Corbett. “Abigail Scott Duniway, Path Breaker.” More Than Petticoats: Remarkable Oregon Women. Guilford: Globe Pequot, 2010. 39-53.

Shuck, Oscar T., ed. Representative and Leading Men of the Pacific, being original sketches of  the lives and characters of the principal men, to which are added their speeches, addresses, orations, eulogies, lectures and poems, including the happiest forensic efforts of Baker, Randolph, McDougall, T. Starr King, and other popular orators. San Francisco: Bacon, 1870.

Smith, Barry Wise. “The Lily.” Endres and Lueck, Social 174-86.

Smith, Helen Krebs. The Presumptuous Dreamers: A Sociological History of the Life and Times of Abigail Scott Duniway (1834-1915). 2 vols. Lake Oswego: Smith, 1974.

—, ed. With Her Own Wings: Historical Sketches, Reminiscences, and Anecdotes of Pioneer Women. Comp. Fine Arts Dept., Portland, OR, Fed. of Women’s Orgs. Portland: Beattie, 1948.

Snowden, Clinton A. History of Washington: The Rise and Progress of an American State. 6 vols. New York: Century Hist., 1909-11.

Soden, Dale E. “The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union in the Pacific Northwest: The Battle for Cultural Control.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 94 (2003): 197-207.

Solmsen, Friedrich, ed. The Rhetoric and the Poetics of Aristotle. Trans. W. Rhys Roberts and Ingram Bywater. New York: Modern Library, 1954.

Solomon, Martha M., ed. A Voice of Their Own: The Woman Suffrage Press, 1840-1910. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1991.

Spalding, Charles Warren. The Spalding Memorial: A Genealogical History of Edward Spalding of Virginia and Massachusetts Bay, and His Descendents. Chicago: American Publishers’ Assn., 1897.

Spalding, Helen F. “Mrs. Catherine A. Coburn.” Douthit 173.

Spencer, David R. “The Woman’s Journal.” Endres and Lueck, Social 468-78.

Sprague, William Forrest. Women and the West: A Short Social History. Boston: Christopher, 1940.

Springsteen, Megan. Letter to the author. 26 June 2003.

Steiner, Linda. “Evolving Rhetorical Strategies/Evolving Identities.” Solomon 183-97.

—. “The New Northwest.” Endres and Lueck, Social 232-37.

—. “The Woman’s Suffrage Press, 1850-1900: A Cultural Analysis.” Diss. U of Illinois, 1979.

Stern, Madeleine B. “Leslie, Miriam Florence Folline.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 393-94.

Taber, Ronald W. “Sacagawea and the Suffragettes: An Interpretation of a Myth.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 58 (1967): 7-13.

Taft, Philip, and Philip Ross. “American Labor Violence: Its Causes, Character, and Outcome.” Violence in America: Historical and Comparative Perspectives. Ed. Hugh Davis Graham and Ted Robert Gurr. New York: Bantam, 1969.

Taylor, William R. “Blake, Lillie Devereux.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 167-69.

Thomas, Dorothy. “Bradwell, Myra Colby.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 223-25.

—. “Couzins, Phoebe Wilson.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 390-91.

Thomson, Elizabeth H. “Blackwell, Elizabeth.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 161-65.

Timmerman, David M. “Epideictic Oratory.” Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition: Communication from Ancient Times to the Information Age. Ed. Theresa Enos. New York: Garland, 1996. 228-31.

Tolles, Frederick B. “Mott, Lucretia Coffin.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 592-95.

Tonn, Mari Boor. “Militant Motherhood: Labor’s Mary Harris ‘Mother’ Jones.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 82 (1996): 1-21.

—. “The Una, 1853-1855: The Premiere of the Woman’s Rights Press.” Solomon 48-70.

Transactions Tenth Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association for 1882. Salem: Waite, 1883.

Transactions of the Thirty-Fifth Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association, Portland, June 19, 1907. Portland: Chausse-Prudhomme, 1908.

Transactions of the Thirty-Seventh Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association. Portland: Chausse-Prudhomme, 1910.

Transactions of the Forty-First Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association, Portland, June 19, 1913. Portland: Chausse-Prudhomme, 1916.

Transactions of the Forty-Fourth Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association. Portland: Chausse-Prudhomme, 1919.

Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2009.

Turnbull, George S. History of Oregon Newspapers. Portland: Binfords, 1939.

Tyler, Alice Felt. “Hooker, Isabella Beecher.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 212-14.

—. “Swisshelm, Jane Grey Cannon.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 415-17.

Tyner, Paul. “The Metaphysical Movement.” American Monthly Review of Reviews 25 (1902): 312-20.

United States. Cong. Senate. Committee on Woman Suffrage. 50th Cong., 2nd sess. S. Rept. 2543. Washington: GPO, 1889. Print.

Upham, Warren, and Rose Barteau Dunlap, comp. Minnesota Biographies, 1655-1912. Vol. 14 of Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society. St. Paul: MN Hist. Soc., 1912.

Vexler, Robert I., ed. Chronology and Documentary Handbook of the State of Oregon. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana, 1978.

Walker, Franklin. “Victor, Frances Auretta Fuller.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 518-19.

Walling, A. G. History of Southern Oregon. Portland: Walling, 1884.

—. Illustrated History of Lane County, Oregon. Portland: Walling, 1884.

Warbasse, Elizabeth B. “Miller, Elizabeth Smith.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 540-41.

Ward, Jean M. “Abigail Scott Duniway: Oregon’s Pioneer Feminist,” Portland Scribe July 1976: 1. Old Stuff [Portland, OR] Winter 1977: 1.

—. “The Emergence of a Mentor-Protégé Relationship: The 1871 Pacific Northwest Lecture Tour of Susan B. Anthony and Abigail Scott Duniway.” Proceedings of the 1982 Northwest Women’s Heritage Conference Sponsored by the University of Washington and the Ford Foundation. Seattle: U of Washington, 1984. 120-45.

—. “Women’s Responses to Systems of Male Authority: Communication Strategies in the Novels of Abigail Scott Duniway.”  Vol. 1. Diss. U of Oregon, 1989. 2 vols.

Ward, Jean M., and Elaine A. Maveety. “Yours for Liberty”: Selections from Abigail Scott Duniway’s Suffrage Newspaper. Corvallis: Oregon State UP, 2000.

Washburn, Adelaide. “Gardener, Helen Hamilton.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 11-13.

Weatherford, Doris. A History of the American Suffrage Movement. Santa Barbara: ABC- CLIO, 1998.

Wells, Merle W. “Sacajawea.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 218-19.

Welter, Barbara. “The Cult of True Womanhood, 1820-1860.” American Quarterly 18 (1966): 151-74.

—. “Lippincott, Sara Jane Clarke.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 407-09.

West, Oswald. “Reminiscences and Anecdotes: Political History.” Oregon Historical Quarterly 50 (1949): 243-50.

Western Writers of America. The Women Who Made the West. Garden City: Doubleday, 1980.

Whately, Richard. Elements of Rhetoric. Ed. Douglas Ehninger. Landmarks in Rhetoric and Public Address. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1963.

Who’s Who in Oregon, 1929-1930. Oregon City: Oregon City Enterprise, 1929.

Who was Who in America. Vol. 1. Chicago: Marquis, 1942.

Wiegand, William G. “Nicholson, Eliza Jane Poitevent Holbrook.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 630-31.

Wilcox, Ella Wheeler. Every-Day Thoughts in Prose and Verse. Chicago: Conkey, 1901.

Wilkins, Thurman. “Whitman, Narcissa Prentiss.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 595-97.

Willard, Frances E. Occupations for Women. New York: Success, 1897.

Willard, Frances E., and Mary A. Livermore, eds. American Women. 2 vols. New York: Mast, 1897.

Wilson, Mary Tolford. “Lincoln, Mary Johnson Bailey.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 406-07.

Wood, Mary I. The History of the General Federation of Women’s Clubs for the First Twenty-Two Years of Its Organization. New York: Gen. Fed. of Women’s Clubs, 1912.

Writer’s Project, Work Projects Administration, State of Oregon, comp. A History of the Portland Woman’s Club.  Mss 1084, OR Hist. Soc., n.d.

Wyllie, Irvin G. “Sage, Margaret Olivia Slocum.” James, James, and Boyer 3: 222-23.

Young, James Harvey. “Dickinson, Anna Elizabeth.” James, James, and Boyer 1: 475-76.

Young, Levi, Mrs. “History and Report of Oregon Emergency Corps and Red Cross Society.” Overland Monthly 33 (1899): 77-82.

—. “The Oregon Emergency Corps.” Pacific Monthly 1 (1898): 26-29.

Young, Louise M. “Logan, Mary Simmerson Cunningham.” James, James, and Boyer 2: 421-22.

Young, Mary E. “Domestic Science.” Douthit 181.